The authors use a data set of over 20,000 residential housing sales in 2010 and 2011 in San Diego County to measure the school proximity effects on nearby residential housing. Prior research supports the existence of a “school proximity premium” for housing located near K-12 schools. However, since these investigations have lacked important spatial controls, the authors investigate whether their inclusion affects outcomes. In addition, the authors separate out the effects for proximity to public and private elementary schools, measure the distance from schools using a more precise distance measurement and utilize a very large data set on the West Coast of the US. Counter to prior investigations, the authors find strong evidence for a “school proximity penalty,” for public elementary schools suggesting that proximity is perceived to be a net negative for homebuyers in San Diego County. When spatially dividing the sample area into a coastal and inland region, the authors find the results for the inland region for public schools more closely resemble the results from prior investigations (with a “delayed” proximity premium) while the coastal results demonstrate a very strong “proximity penalty” effect. Results presented here indicate that failure to include robust spatial controls (including zip code and census tract fixed effects) could have important implications for hedonic housing price estimates of this kind.
The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 2, 2015
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