Estimating Maximum Possible Environmental Loading Amounts of Cryptosporidium parvum Attributable to Adult Beef Cattle

Estimating Maximum Possible Environmental Loading Amounts of Cryptosporidium parvum Attributable... Populations of beef cattle represent a potential non-point source of environmental contamination for Cryptosporidium parvum if on-farm management practices fail to minimize transport from bovine manure to adjacent water sources. Characterizing this risk of contamination requires several parameters to be estimated, the most important being a valid and precise estimate of the oocyst loading rate per animal unit. The oocyst loading rate is defined in this study as the total number of oocysts excreted by a cohort of adult beef cows during a 24[emsp4 ]h period. We propose a methodology for estimating this parameter for low prevalent populations whereby the majority of individuals are test negative. Under specific degrees of confidence and at the population scale, this methodology generates estimates for maximal oocyst loading based on the sensitivity of the diagnostic test and the point prevalence and intensity of fecal shedding from a cross-sectional survey of the target population. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantitative Microbiology Springer Journals

Estimating Maximum Possible Environmental Loading Amounts of Cryptosporidium parvum Attributable to Adult Beef Cattle

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Environment; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology
ISSN
1388-3593
eISSN
1572-9923
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1010044012356
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Populations of beef cattle represent a potential non-point source of environmental contamination for Cryptosporidium parvum if on-farm management practices fail to minimize transport from bovine manure to adjacent water sources. Characterizing this risk of contamination requires several parameters to be estimated, the most important being a valid and precise estimate of the oocyst loading rate per animal unit. The oocyst loading rate is defined in this study as the total number of oocysts excreted by a cohort of adult beef cows during a 24[emsp4 ]h period. We propose a methodology for estimating this parameter for low prevalent populations whereby the majority of individuals are test negative. Under specific degrees of confidence and at the population scale, this methodology generates estimates for maximal oocyst loading based on the sensitivity of the diagnostic test and the point prevalence and intensity of fecal shedding from a cross-sectional survey of the target population.

Journal

Quantitative MicrobiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 8, 2004

References

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