Establishment and Maintenance of Socially Learned Conditioned Reinforcement in Young Children: Elimination of the Role of Adults and View of Peers’ Faces

Establishment and Maintenance of Socially Learned Conditioned Reinforcement in Young Children:... Prior research has demonstrated the establishment of reinforcers for learning and maintenance with young children as a function of social learning where a peer and an adult experimenter were present. The presence of an adult experimenter was eliminated in the present study to test if the effect produced in the prior studies would occur with only the peers present. Neutral stimuli, metal washers, were first demonstrated not to reinforce maintenance of responding nor learning compared to primary reinforcers determined by pre-intervention functional analyses with three 4-year-old children with slight language delays. In the intervention, washers were delivered mechanically to a peer confederate in the participants’ view as the participants and peers completed a performance task side by side. For several brief sessions, peers received washers via an opaque chute into a transparent plastic cup on the desk in view of the participants for responding, while participants, who also responded, did not receive washers. After the target students demonstrated extinction or criterion for termination of the procedure was reached, we returned to pre-intervention assessments, and participants responded equally under washer and primary reinforcers with effects comparable to prior experiments where the experimenter was present. Washers also maintained reinforcement effects 6 to 10 weeks later in classroom instruction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Psychological Record Springer Journals

Establishment and Maintenance of Socially Learned Conditioned Reinforcement in Young Children: Elimination of the Role of Adults and View of Peers’ Faces

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Association of Behavior Analysis International
Subject
Psychology; Psychology, general
ISSN
0033-2933
eISSN
2163-3452
D.O.I.
10.11133/j.tpr.2013.63.1.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Prior research has demonstrated the establishment of reinforcers for learning and maintenance with young children as a function of social learning where a peer and an adult experimenter were present. The presence of an adult experimenter was eliminated in the present study to test if the effect produced in the prior studies would occur with only the peers present. Neutral stimuli, metal washers, were first demonstrated not to reinforce maintenance of responding nor learning compared to primary reinforcers determined by pre-intervention functional analyses with three 4-year-old children with slight language delays. In the intervention, washers were delivered mechanically to a peer confederate in the participants’ view as the participants and peers completed a performance task side by side. For several brief sessions, peers received washers via an opaque chute into a transparent plastic cup on the desk in view of the participants for responding, while participants, who also responded, did not receive washers. After the target students demonstrated extinction or criterion for termination of the procedure was reached, we returned to pre-intervention assessments, and participants responded equally under washer and primary reinforcers with effects comparable to prior experiments where the experimenter was present. Washers also maintained reinforcement effects 6 to 10 weeks later in classroom instruction.

Journal

The Psychological RecordSpringer Journals

Published: May 23, 2017

References

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