Escherichia coli Membranes Depleted of SecYEG Elicit SecA-Dependent Ion-Channel Activity but Lose Signal Peptide Specificity

Escherichia coli Membranes Depleted of SecYEG Elicit SecA-Dependent Ion-Channel Activity but Lose... We have developed a sensitive method to detect the opening of SecA-dependent, protein-conducting channels in Xenopus oocytes. In this study, we determined the ionic current activities of the SecA-dependent channel from membrane vesicles depleted of SecYEG. We found that these SecYEG-depleted membranes produced SecA-dependent ionic currents in the oocytes, as did membranes containing SecYEG. However, reconstituted membranes depleted of SecYEG required higher concentrations of SecA to elicit ionic currents like those in membranes containing SecYEG. In contrast to membranes containing SecYEG, the proofreading capacity of signal peptides was lost for those membranes lacking SecYEG. These findings are consistent with loss of signal peptide specificity in channel activity from membranes of SecY suppressor or SecY plug domain mutants. The signal peptide specificity of the reconstituted membranes, like SecA-liposomes, can be restored by the addition of SecYEG proteoliposomes. On the other hand, the channel activity efficiency of reconstituted membranes was fully restored, while SecA-liposomes could only be partially enhanced by the addition of SecYEG, indicating that, in addition to SecYEG, other membrane proteins contribute to the efficiency of channel activity. The SecA-dependent channels in membranes that lacked SecYEG also lost ion selectivity to monovalent cations but retained selective permeability to large anions. Thus, the electrophysiological evidence presented here indicates that SecYEG is not obligatory for the channel activity of Escherichia coli membranes, as previously shown for protein translocation, and that SecYEG is important for maintenance of the efficiency and specificity of SecA-dependent channels. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Escherichia coli Membranes Depleted of SecYEG Elicit SecA-Dependent Ion-Channel Activity but Lose Signal Peptide Specificity

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial