Equilibrium and kinetics studies of hexavalent chromium biosorption on a novel green macroalgae Enteromorpha sp.

Equilibrium and kinetics studies of hexavalent chromium biosorption on a novel green macroalgae... This study focuses on the use of novel Enteromorpha sp. macroalgal biomass (EMAB), for the biosorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The effect of experimental parameters such as pH, initial concentration of Cr(VI) ions, biosorbent dosage, and temperature were evaluated. The maximum biosorption capacity for Cr(VI) was observed at pH 2.0. The modeling of the experimental data at equilibrium was performed using two parameter isotherm models. Both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations better fitted the equilibrium data. A contact time of different initial Cr(VI) concentrations was about 160 min to attain biosorption equilibrium. The kinetic data were fitted by models including pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion. The pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion kinetic models adequately described the kinetic data. Moreover, the thermodynamic parameters indicated that the biosorption process was spontaneous, endothermic, and increased randomness in nature. The results showed that EMAB could be used as an effective biosorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Equilibrium and kinetics studies of hexavalent chromium biosorption on a novel green macroalgae Enteromorpha sp.

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2085-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study focuses on the use of novel Enteromorpha sp. macroalgal biomass (EMAB), for the biosorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transformer infrared spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The effect of experimental parameters such as pH, initial concentration of Cr(VI) ions, biosorbent dosage, and temperature were evaluated. The maximum biosorption capacity for Cr(VI) was observed at pH 2.0. The modeling of the experimental data at equilibrium was performed using two parameter isotherm models. Both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations better fitted the equilibrium data. A contact time of different initial Cr(VI) concentrations was about 160 min to attain biosorption equilibrium. The kinetic data were fitted by models including pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion. The pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion kinetic models adequately described the kinetic data. Moreover, the thermodynamic parameters indicated that the biosorption process was spontaneous, endothermic, and increased randomness in nature. The results showed that EMAB could be used as an effective biosorbent for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: May 8, 2015

References

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