EPR and DFT study of the ethylene reaction with O− radicals on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO

EPR and DFT study of the ethylene reaction with O− radicals on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO Different radical forms of oxygen (O−, O 2 − and O 3 − ) on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO are well known. It was earlier demonstrated that EPR-silent species with properties very similar to those of O− radicals exist on the surface of magnesium oxide in addition to the O− radicals observed by EPR. In this study we characterized the reactivity of these two types of O− radicals in reaction with ethylene. It was demonstrated that this reaction yields different products for observable and unobservable O− radicals. Conventional $${\text{O}}_{{3{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 3 C - radicals generated by MgO illumination with UV light at room temperature in the presence of oxygen initiate hydrogen atom abstraction from ethylene to form secondary radicals H2C=C− with hyperfine splitting A 1 = 59 G, A 2 = 6 G. The $${\text{O}}_{{4{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 4 C - radicals not observed directly by EPR were synthesized by MgO illumination in the presence of oxygen at 163 K followed by evacuation at 203 K. They were shown to react with ethylene to form an addition product with two groups of two equivalent protons with isotropic hyperfine constants A 1 = 38 G and A 2 = 23 G. Such radicals were obtained for the first time by reaction of O− radicals with ethylene on the MgO surface. Their concentration was approximately equal to the concentration of [ $${\text{O}}_{{4{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 4 C - ·O2] complexes observed by EPR before the oxygen desorption. The structures of both radicals were simulated by DFT, and a good match between the experimental and computational results was obtained. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

EPR and DFT study of the ethylene reaction with O− radicals on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/epr-and-dft-study-of-the-ethylene-reaction-with-o-radicals-on-the-rQvnqlf9TJ
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-016-2682-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Different radical forms of oxygen (O−, O 2 − and O 3 − ) on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO are well known. It was earlier demonstrated that EPR-silent species with properties very similar to those of O− radicals exist on the surface of magnesium oxide in addition to the O− radicals observed by EPR. In this study we characterized the reactivity of these two types of O− radicals in reaction with ethylene. It was demonstrated that this reaction yields different products for observable and unobservable O− radicals. Conventional $${\text{O}}_{{3{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 3 C - radicals generated by MgO illumination with UV light at room temperature in the presence of oxygen initiate hydrogen atom abstraction from ethylene to form secondary radicals H2C=C− with hyperfine splitting A 1 = 59 G, A 2 = 6 G. The $${\text{O}}_{{4{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 4 C - radicals not observed directly by EPR were synthesized by MgO illumination in the presence of oxygen at 163 K followed by evacuation at 203 K. They were shown to react with ethylene to form an addition product with two groups of two equivalent protons with isotropic hyperfine constants A 1 = 38 G and A 2 = 23 G. Such radicals were obtained for the first time by reaction of O− radicals with ethylene on the MgO surface. Their concentration was approximately equal to the concentration of [ $${\text{O}}_{{4{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 4 C - ·O2] complexes observed by EPR before the oxygen desorption. The structures of both radicals were simulated by DFT, and a good match between the experimental and computational results was obtained.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 12, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off