EPR and DFT study of the ethylene reaction with O− radicals on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO

EPR and DFT study of the ethylene reaction with O− radicals on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO Different radical forms of oxygen (O−, O 2 − and O 3 − ) on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO are well known. It was earlier demonstrated that EPR-silent species with properties very similar to those of O− radicals exist on the surface of magnesium oxide in addition to the O− radicals observed by EPR. In this study we characterized the reactivity of these two types of O− radicals in reaction with ethylene. It was demonstrated that this reaction yields different products for observable and unobservable O− radicals. Conventional $${\text{O}}_{{3{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 3 C - radicals generated by MgO illumination with UV light at room temperature in the presence of oxygen initiate hydrogen atom abstraction from ethylene to form secondary radicals H2C=C− with hyperfine splitting A 1 = 59 G, A 2 = 6 G. The $${\text{O}}_{{4{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 4 C - radicals not observed directly by EPR were synthesized by MgO illumination in the presence of oxygen at 163 K followed by evacuation at 203 K. They were shown to react with ethylene to form an addition product with two groups of two equivalent protons with isotropic hyperfine constants A 1 = 38 G and A 2 = 23 G. Such radicals were obtained for the first time by reaction of O− radicals with ethylene on the MgO surface. Their concentration was approximately equal to the concentration of [ $${\text{O}}_{{4{\text{C}}}}^{ - }$$ O 4 C - ·O2] complexes observed by EPR before the oxygen desorption. The structures of both radicals were simulated by DFT, and a good match between the experimental and computational results was obtained. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

EPR and DFT study of the ethylene reaction with O− radicals on the surface of nanocrystalline MgO

Loading next page...
Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial