Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) is one of the most important diseases affecting more than 100 species of wild and cultured finfish. EUS was first reported in farmed ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) from Japan in 1971 and has since then spread across different countries of four continents including Asia, Australia, North America and Africa. The spread of the disease, especially in Asia–Pacific region and Africa has led to substantial damage to the fish resources and livelihood of the fish farmers. No reports are available confirming the outbreak of the disease from Europe and South America. The latest outbreak of EUS has been reported from Canada in a new susceptible species brown bullhead, Ameiurus nebulosus. It seems that the disease has potential to spread further, owing to the epizootic nature of the disease and broad susceptible host range. Considering the global importance of this disease, this review provides the current status of understanding about the etiology, process of diseases development, species affected, diagnostic methods as well as control and preventive measures, in light of the historical developments in those areas.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 21, 2013
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