Epistasis between hyperglycemic QTLs revealed in a double congenic of the OLETF rat

Epistasis between hyperglycemic QTLs revealed in a double congenic of the OLETF rat Glucose homeostasis is believed to be regulated by multiple genetic components, in addition to numerous external factors. It is therefore crucial to dissect and understand what roles each causative gene plays in maintaining proper glucose metabolism. In OLETF (Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty) rat, a model of polygenic type 2 diabetes, at least 14 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) influencing plasma glucose levels were identified. In congenic strains some of the OLETF allelic variants were shown to increase glucose levels. In this study the focus was on two of the hyperglycemic loci, Nidd1/of and Nidd2/of. Congenic rats possessing OLETF genome fragment at either locus showed similar levels of mild hyperglycemia. A newly established double congenic rat showed a further aggravation of hyperglycemia. The Nidd1/of locus was also shown to function in the reduction of plasma leptin levels and fat weights, while the Nidd2/of locus led to increased plasma insulin and fat weights. Interestingly, both plasma leptin and fat weights reverted to the control levels in the double congenic rat. These results indicate that there is an epistatic interaction between the two loci. However, it is unlikely that the abnormal level of enhanced glucose homeostasis is mediated, at least not directly, by leptin or fat mass. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Epistasis between hyperglycemic QTLs revealed in a double congenic of the OLETF rat

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/epistasis-between-hyperglycemic-qtls-revealed-in-a-double-congenic-of-xTaDSz1xbp
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-007-9031-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Glucose homeostasis is believed to be regulated by multiple genetic components, in addition to numerous external factors. It is therefore crucial to dissect and understand what roles each causative gene plays in maintaining proper glucose metabolism. In OLETF (Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty) rat, a model of polygenic type 2 diabetes, at least 14 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) influencing plasma glucose levels were identified. In congenic strains some of the OLETF allelic variants were shown to increase glucose levels. In this study the focus was on two of the hyperglycemic loci, Nidd1/of and Nidd2/of. Congenic rats possessing OLETF genome fragment at either locus showed similar levels of mild hyperglycemia. A newly established double congenic rat showed a further aggravation of hyperglycemia. The Nidd1/of locus was also shown to function in the reduction of plasma leptin levels and fat weights, while the Nidd2/of locus led to increased plasma insulin and fat weights. Interestingly, both plasma leptin and fat weights reverted to the control levels in the double congenic rat. These results indicate that there is an epistatic interaction between the two loci. However, it is unlikely that the abnormal level of enhanced glucose homeostasis is mediated, at least not directly, by leptin or fat mass.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 21, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off