Epimutations of the KCNQ1OT1 imprinting center of chromosome 11 in early human embryolethality

Epimutations of the KCNQ1OT1 imprinting center of chromosome 11 in early human embryolethality Disturbance of the epigenetic status of the H19 and KCNQ1OT1 imprinting centers of chromosome 11 and the CDKN1C imprinted gene in early human embryolethality have been studied. This is the first study to detect hypomethylation of KCNQ1OT1 in the maternal homolog in placental tissues from some (9.5%) spontaneous abortions with impaired cell proliferation during the first trimester of pregnancy. Tissue specificity of the aberrant methylation status of the imprinting center has been found. A hypothesis on the postimplantation origin of epimutations in somatic cells of the developing embryo is put forward. The selective role of epimutations of imprinted genes in early human ontogeny as compared to uniparental disomy is considered; estimation of the epigenetic risk entailed in using assisted reproductive technologies is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Epimutations of the KCNQ1OT1 imprinting center of chromosome 11 in early human embryolethality

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795408120028
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Disturbance of the epigenetic status of the H19 and KCNQ1OT1 imprinting centers of chromosome 11 and the CDKN1C imprinted gene in early human embryolethality have been studied. This is the first study to detect hypomethylation of KCNQ1OT1 in the maternal homolog in placental tissues from some (9.5%) spontaneous abortions with impaired cell proliferation during the first trimester of pregnancy. Tissue specificity of the aberrant methylation status of the imprinting center has been found. A hypothesis on the postimplantation origin of epimutations in somatic cells of the developing embryo is put forward. The selective role of epimutations of imprinted genes in early human ontogeny as compared to uniparental disomy is considered; estimation of the epigenetic risk entailed in using assisted reproductive technologies is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 9, 2008

References

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