Enzymatic activity and gene expression under water stress of phospholipase D in two cultivars of Vigna unguiculata L.Walp. differing in drought tolerance

Enzymatic activity and gene expression under water stress of phospholipase D in two cultivars of... Phospholipase D, a major lipid-degrading enzyme in plants, was studied in two cultivars of Vigna unguiculata L.Walp, differing in their tolerance to drought (cv. EPACE-1, drought-tolerant, and cv. 1183, drought-susceptible). Enzymatic activities, measured with 14C-PC as substrate, increased when plants were submitted to water stress, the increase being much higher in the drought-sensitive cultivar. A 2911 bp cDNA encoding a putative phospholipase D (VuPLD1) was isolated from a cDNA library prepared from V. unguiculata leaves. The deduced amino acid sequence (809 residues) shows 85.5% identity and 91.3% similarity to that of PLD from Ricinus communis. The expression of the VuPLD1 gene in the leaves is differently modulated by water deficit, depending on the intensity of stress and the tolerance or sensitivity of the plants. In the drought-susceptible V. unguiculata cv. 1183, it readily increased under water stress, reaching maximum values at mild water deficit (−1.5 MPa). In the drought-tolerant cv. EPACE-1, VuPLD1 mRNA remained low throughout the whole drought treatment. Dehydration of leaves led to a dramatic increase in transcript level in both cultivars. Changes in protein amounts semi-quantified by immunoblotting correlated well with variations in transcript steady-state level. Taken together, these results showed that phospholipase D in cowpea plants is essentially regulated at the transcriptional level, and that gene expression is strongly stimulated even by moderate water deficit in the drought-sensitive plant. On the contrary, the drought-tolerant plant presents a remarkable stability of PLD gene expression in conditions of water stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Enzymatic activity and gene expression under water stress of phospholipase D in two cultivars of Vigna unguiculata L.Walp. differing in drought tolerance

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/enzymatic-activity-and-gene-expression-under-water-stress-of-hAdiF93uPR
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006165919928
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Phospholipase D, a major lipid-degrading enzyme in plants, was studied in two cultivars of Vigna unguiculata L.Walp, differing in their tolerance to drought (cv. EPACE-1, drought-tolerant, and cv. 1183, drought-susceptible). Enzymatic activities, measured with 14C-PC as substrate, increased when plants were submitted to water stress, the increase being much higher in the drought-sensitive cultivar. A 2911 bp cDNA encoding a putative phospholipase D (VuPLD1) was isolated from a cDNA library prepared from V. unguiculata leaves. The deduced amino acid sequence (809 residues) shows 85.5% identity and 91.3% similarity to that of PLD from Ricinus communis. The expression of the VuPLD1 gene in the leaves is differently modulated by water deficit, depending on the intensity of stress and the tolerance or sensitivity of the plants. In the drought-susceptible V. unguiculata cv. 1183, it readily increased under water stress, reaching maximum values at mild water deficit (−1.5 MPa). In the drought-tolerant cv. EPACE-1, VuPLD1 mRNA remained low throughout the whole drought treatment. Dehydration of leaves led to a dramatic increase in transcript level in both cultivars. Changes in protein amounts semi-quantified by immunoblotting correlated well with variations in transcript steady-state level. Taken together, these results showed that phospholipase D in cowpea plants is essentially regulated at the transcriptional level, and that gene expression is strongly stimulated even by moderate water deficit in the drought-sensitive plant. On the contrary, the drought-tolerant plant presents a remarkable stability of PLD gene expression in conditions of water stress.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off