Environ Dev Sustain https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0183-2 Environmental impacts of sand mining in the city of Santarém, Amazon region, Northern Brazil 1,2 2 Eduardo Francisco da Silva · Darlisson Fernandes Bento · 3 2 2 Anderson Conceição Mendes · Fábio Góis da Mota · Luiz Carlos Silva Mota · 1,2 2 Arthur Iven Tavares Fonseca · Rodolfo Maduro Almeida · Livaldo de Oliveira Santos Received: 12 October 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2018 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract The urban growth in the Amazon countryside region was led by great infra- structure projects, which demanded a major amount of raw material for civil construction such as sand. The sand mining in the Santarém city, Pará state, is being developed over siliciclastic rocks from the Alter do Chão Formation. This exploitation lacks technical knowledge and standards, leading to low regard for the environment. The main purposes of this paper are to map the sand exploitation areas in Santarém and to understand their impacts on nearby communities throughout the whole life cycle of the mine. For that a case study was performed in Serra do Índio, where sand mining was an important activity for many years. The volume of withdrawn sand was determined, the environmental impacts were identified and classified, and measures to mitigate the main impacts were proposed. Overall, 21 sand-mining areas
"Environment, Development and Sustainability" – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera