Chemical mutagenesis followed by screening for abnormal phenotypes in the mouse holds much promise as a method for revealing gene function. This method is particularly well-suited for discovering genes involved in hearing or balance function, as these defects are relatively easy to screen for in the mouse. We report here the inner ear abnormalities and genetic localization of seven new dominant mutations created by ENU mutagenesis. All seven mutant stocks were identified because of circling and/or head-weaving behavior, which is an indication of balance dysfunction. Investigation of the inner ears of the seven mutant stocks revealed very similar lateral and posterior semicircular canal defects. Studies of the development of the canals in one mutant stocks revealed that the affected canals showed reduced outgrowth and delayed canal fusion. Physiological studies performed in one mutant stock showed raised average compound-action-potential thresholds of approximately 10–20 dB sound pressure level (SPL) (depending on frequency), indicating a mild hearing impairment, although scanning electron microscopy performed in several of the mutant stocks revealed no obvious structural defects in the organ of Corti. All seven mutations mapped to the proximal portion of Chromosome (Chr) 4, near the centromere. On the basis of their similar phenotype and map location, we suggest that the seven mutant genes may be allelic and represent a highly mutable locus on Chr 4 that may be particularly susceptible to ENU-induced mutation on the BALB/c genetic background.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 31, 2007
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera