Entry of influenza virus into a glycosphingolipid-deficient mouse skin fibroblast cell line

Entry of influenza virus into a glycosphingolipid-deficient mouse skin fibroblast cell line A glycosphingolipid (GSL)-deficient mouse skin fibroblast mutant cell line (GM95) was tested for its susceptibility to influenza virus infection and/or fusion. Octadecyl rhodamine labeled influenza virus fused at 37 °C and low pH with GM95 cells at similar rates and extents as with the parental cell lines which did bear glycosphingolipids. Influenza virus infected the GM95 cells at the same level as the parental cell lines. The infection and fusion was blocked when the cell lines were pre-treated with neuramindase. We conclude that influenza virus uses mainly sialoglycoproteins and that gangliosides are not essential for influenza virus fusion and infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Entry of influenza virus into a glycosphingolipid-deficient mouse skin fibroblast cell line

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050170033
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A glycosphingolipid (GSL)-deficient mouse skin fibroblast mutant cell line (GM95) was tested for its susceptibility to influenza virus infection and/or fusion. Octadecyl rhodamine labeled influenza virus fused at 37 °C and low pH with GM95 cells at similar rates and extents as with the parental cell lines which did bear glycosphingolipids. Influenza virus infected the GM95 cells at the same level as the parental cell lines. The infection and fusion was blocked when the cell lines were pre-treated with neuramindase. We conclude that influenza virus uses mainly sialoglycoproteins and that gangliosides are not essential for influenza virus fusion and infection.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2001

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