Both entrepreneurs and accountants ‘calculate’ capital and income but their procedures diverge. The paper examines this divergence and the respective calculational objectives of entrepreneurs and accountants in the business enterprise. For the entrepreneur, capital and income are ex ante calculational judgments of prospective income gain from strategic use of the enterprise’s capital goods. But the accountant must shun entrepreneurial judgments to ‘calculate’ the contemporary net market value of enterprise’s capital goods at a specified date. Hence, the accountant’s calculation of income is the net contemporary increase in the market value of the enterprise’s capital goods. These accounting calculations facilitate assessment of the success of an enterprise strategy. But critics assert that accounting practice ignores the need of external investor’s for accurate information on enterprise prospects. The paper concludes with a critique of accounting regulation and explores the feasibility and means of privatizing the entrepreneurial choice of accounting techniques.
The Review of Austrian Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 10, 2011
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