The gauge/gravity correspondence discovered two decades ago has had a profound influence on how the basic laws in physics should be formulated. In spite of the predictive power of holographic approaches (for example, when they are applied to strongly coupled condensed-matter physics problems), the fundamental reasons behind their success remain unclear. Recently, the role of quantum entanglement has come to the fore. Here we explore a quantity that connects gravity and quantum information in the light of the gauge/gravity correspondence. This is given by the minimal cross-section of the entanglement wedge that connects two disjoint subsystems in a gravity dual. In particular, we focus on various inequalities that are satisfied by this quantity. They suggest that it is a holographic counterpart of the quantity called entanglement of purification, which measures a bipartite correlation in a given mixed state. We give a heuristic argument that supports this identification based on a tensor network interpretation of holography. This predicts that the entanglement of purification satisfies the strong superadditivity for holographic conformal field theories.
Nature Physics – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 26, 2018
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