Enhanced surface-related ultraviolet–visible photoresponse in carbothermal ZnO nanowires by intertwined single-walled carbon nanotubes

Enhanced surface-related ultraviolet–visible photoresponse in carbothermal ZnO nanowires by... An intertwined single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)/carbothermal ZnO nanowires (ZNWs) composite is synthesized using a facile ultrasonic stirring technology, which is deposited on Au-interdigitated electrodes for ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) photoresponse enhancement. It is found that the SWCNT attached on ZNW surface optimizes the surface-related chemical processes and provides effective carrier transport strategies, responsible for the improvement in photo-responsivity and photo-sensing speed. The UV–Vis absorption of ZNWs has been improved after compositing with the high-conductive SWCNTs, contributing to the significantly improved photo-conductance. The photodetector based on SWCNT/ZNW composites (CZWs) with an optimal SWCNT content of 0.1 wt% shows a 300% improvement in photocurrent density, a 200% improvement in responsivity, and a 400% improvement in on/off current ratio over the pure ZNWs-based device under a UV irradiation of 3.26 mW cm−2 and a bias voltage of 1.0 V. This synthetic method could be scaled up for large-scale fabrication of CZWs on substrate at low cost for practical photodetecting applications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science Springer Journals

Enhanced surface-related ultraviolet–visible photoresponse in carbothermal ZnO nanowires by intertwined single-walled carbon nanotubes

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Materials Science; Materials Science, general; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0022-2461
eISSN
1573-4803
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10853-018-2525-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An intertwined single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)/carbothermal ZnO nanowires (ZNWs) composite is synthesized using a facile ultrasonic stirring technology, which is deposited on Au-interdigitated electrodes for ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) photoresponse enhancement. It is found that the SWCNT attached on ZNW surface optimizes the surface-related chemical processes and provides effective carrier transport strategies, responsible for the improvement in photo-responsivity and photo-sensing speed. The UV–Vis absorption of ZNWs has been improved after compositing with the high-conductive SWCNTs, contributing to the significantly improved photo-conductance. The photodetector based on SWCNT/ZNW composites (CZWs) with an optimal SWCNT content of 0.1 wt% shows a 300% improvement in photocurrent density, a 200% improvement in responsivity, and a 400% improvement in on/off current ratio over the pure ZNWs-based device under a UV irradiation of 3.26 mW cm−2 and a bias voltage of 1.0 V. This synthetic method could be scaled up for large-scale fabrication of CZWs on substrate at low cost for practical photodetecting applications.

Journal

Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 6, 2018

References

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