Ti-doped (Cu0.5Tl0.5)Ba2(Ca2−xTix)Cu3O10−δ (x = 0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.0) superconductors have been synthesized by solid state reaction method. The prepared samples are characterized by XRD, electrical resistivity, AC susceptibility and FTIR techniques. XRD analysis showed that the lattice parameters are marginally altered but there is no substantial change with the doping of Ti. All the samples are found with orthorhombic crystal structure following PMMM space group. Tc(R = 0) is enhanced with the doping of Ti except for x = 1.0 sample. The magnitude of diamagnetism in the AC-susceptibility measurements is enhanced up to x = 0.5 and decreased beyond. The FTIR measurements show that the apical oxygen phonon modes are softened. The planar oxygen phonon modes are softened but their intensity is raised with the enhanced Ti contents. This softening of the planar oxygen phonon modes may be arising due to the heavier Ti ions (47.9 amu) at the lighter Ca (40.07 amu) sites. Variation in the lattice parameters in the XRD data and shifting of various oxygen phonon modes in the FTIR data show that Ti is incorporated at Ca sites in the unit cell. Increase in the superconducting properties up to certain doping level (x = 0.75) may be arising due to the improved interplane coupling caused by the smaller sized Ti at Ca sites. While the decrease in Tc and magnitude of diamagnetism beyond x = 0.75 and x = 0.5 respectively, is attributed to the suppressed density of a particular type of phonons required for optimum superconductivity. This suppression in the density of the desired phonons is brought about by the substitution of heavier Ti ions at the lighter Ca sites. This study signifies the role of electron–phonon interaction in mechanism of high Tc superconductivity.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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