Purpose of Review Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs are mechanisms for achieving multimodal, evidence- based reductions in surgical stress and value-based improvements in perioperative care. Implementation of these programs has been shown to significantly decrease narcotics utilization, perioperative morbidity, length of stay (LOS), and cost of care. This review summarizes the origins and penetrance of ERAS programs into the field of gynecology to date. It presents the rationale and basic construct for an ERAS program customized for gynecologic minimally invasive surgery (MIS), with special focus on patient education, preoperative oral hydration and carbohydrate loading, multimodal pain control, and goal-directed fluid therapy. Key determinants of success, such as compliance monitoring, are discussed. Outcome measures and instruments for their assessment relevant to MIS are also explored. Recent Findings ERAS guidelines dedicated to MIS for benign and malignant gynecologic conditions are non-existent. Rather, patients undergoing MIS procedures have largely been co-managed with patients undergoing open gynecologic surgery on ERAS pathways which have been extrapolated from colorectal surgery. While some ERAS pathway elements likely provide benefit independent of surgical approach, others should be uniquely adapted to MIS. The strength of findings related to ERAS in the gynecologic literature has been undercut by
Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 22, 2018
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