Enhanced photocatalytic removal of phenazopyridine by using silver-impregnated SiO2–TiO2 nanoparticles: optimization of synthesis variables

Enhanced photocatalytic removal of phenazopyridine by using silver-impregnated SiO2–TiO2... Silver-impregnated silicon oxide/titanium oxide nanoparticles (Ag/SiO2–TiO2) were prepared via impregnation method. X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy techniques were used for the characterization of prepared nanoparticles. The effects of synthesis variables such as nanoporous SiO2 content, Ag content, impregnation pH, and calcination temperature were studied in the photocatalytic activity of prepared nanoparticles in the removal of phenazopyridine as a model drug contaminant. Response surface methodology as a statistical technique was employed for modeling and optimizing synthesis variables. Results showed that the maximum removal efficiency (97.14 %) was achieved for Ag/SiO2–TiO2 nanoparticles at the optimized preparation conditions: SiO2 content of 34.68 wt%, Ag content of 2.36 wt%, impregnation pH of 5.1, and calcination temperature of 439 °C, whereas at the same conditions, using TiO2, SiO2–TiO2, and Ag–TiO2 samples lead to 50.14, 60.37, and 71.45 % removal efficiency, respectively. Coupling SiO2 with large surface area significantly enhanced adsorption of drug molecules, and also impregnation of Ag onto the hybrid system by its ability to trap electrons, provided a synergistic effect in the enhancement of the TiO2 nanoparticles photocatalytic activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Enhanced photocatalytic removal of phenazopyridine by using silver-impregnated SiO2–TiO2 nanoparticles: optimization of synthesis variables

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Springer Netherlands
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
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