Enhanced photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by manganese-doped anatase titanium dioxide

Enhanced photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by manganese-doped anatase titanium dioxide Nano-TiO2 is frequently used as an optimal photocatalyst, since it is nontoxic, low cost, and environmentally friendly, especially for its photocatalytic oxidation action. However, its photocatalytic reducing action has not been widely researched. In this study, TiO2 doped with different concentrations of manganese was prepared by the sol–gel method and characterized using different techniques to analyze the surface structure, phase composition, and surface elements of the different materials. To investigate the photocatalytic activity, Mn–TiO2 was used for photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI). Moreover, various organic pollutants were added to determine whether they enhanced the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI). The experiments indicated that the presence of Mn in TiO2 could enhance its photocatalytic reduction action, especially at 0.02 % molar ratio. Manganese ions doped in TiO2 behaved as electron accumulation sites. In addition, pH value, and photocatalyst dosage were investigated to analyze their effects on the photocatalytic reduction action. The results show that lower pH value improved the efficiency of photocatalytic reduction; there were no significant changes in the photocatalytic reduction rate with dosage above 1.0 g/L. In the presence of different electron donors (organic pollutants as hole scavengers), the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) was generally improved. In short, manganese-doped TiO2 exhibited improved photocatalytic reduction activity, especially in cooperation with various organics. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Enhanced photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by manganese-doped anatase titanium dioxide

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-015-2375-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nano-TiO2 is frequently used as an optimal photocatalyst, since it is nontoxic, low cost, and environmentally friendly, especially for its photocatalytic oxidation action. However, its photocatalytic reducing action has not been widely researched. In this study, TiO2 doped with different concentrations of manganese was prepared by the sol–gel method and characterized using different techniques to analyze the surface structure, phase composition, and surface elements of the different materials. To investigate the photocatalytic activity, Mn–TiO2 was used for photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI). Moreover, various organic pollutants were added to determine whether they enhanced the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI). The experiments indicated that the presence of Mn in TiO2 could enhance its photocatalytic reduction action, especially at 0.02 % molar ratio. Manganese ions doped in TiO2 behaved as electron accumulation sites. In addition, pH value, and photocatalyst dosage were investigated to analyze their effects on the photocatalytic reduction action. The results show that lower pH value improved the efficiency of photocatalytic reduction; there were no significant changes in the photocatalytic reduction rate with dosage above 1.0 g/L. In the presence of different electron donors (organic pollutants as hole scavengers), the photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) was generally improved. In short, manganese-doped TiO2 exhibited improved photocatalytic reduction activity, especially in cooperation with various organics.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 7, 2015

References

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