The dendritic effect of nano mesoporous molecular sieve was first used to enhance molecular recognition of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs)-based polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (POSS). In this study, the MIPs were made using S-naproxen (S-NAP) as template molecule, 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP) as functional monomer, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as cross-linker, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazoliumtetrafluoroborate ([BMIM]BF4)/DMSO as binary porogens, 1-propylmethacrylate-heptaisobutyl substituted as POSS monomer, and mesoporous molecular sieve (Mobil composition of matter No. 41, MCM-41) as dendritic scaffold. The influence of synthesis parameters on the imprinting effect, including the content of POSS monomer and derivatized MCM-41-MPS, the ratio of template to monomer, and the ratio of binary porogens were also investigated, respectively. The morphology of the polymers was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption, and X-ray powder diffraction. The results showed that POSS&MCM-41-MPS MIP had a stronger imprinting effect with an imprinting factor 6.86, which is approximately 2.4, 2.3, and 3 times than that of POSS MIP, MCM-41-MPS MIP, and conventional MIP, respectively. The increase of affinity might be attributed to impediment of the chain motion of polymer due to improved POSS aggregation and the dipole interaction between the POSS units by introduce of MCM-41-MPS as scaffolds. The resulting POSS&MCM-41-MPS MIP was used as adsorbent for the enrichment of S-NAP in solid-phase extraction with a high recovery of 97.65% and the value of RSD was 0.94%.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 7, 2018
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