Engineering of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 3 into an expression vector

Engineering of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 3 into an expression vector RNA 3 of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) encodes the 5′-proximal movement protein (MP) gene and the 3′-proximal coat protein (CP) gene which is expressed from a subgenomic RNA. Several strategies were explored to use this RNA as a vector for expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Nicotiana tabaccum plants expressing the viral polymerase proteins P1 and P2 (P12 plants). Insertion of a subgenomic promoter (sgp)-GFP cassette between the CP gene and the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) interfered with RNA accumulation in protoplasts, indicating that cis -acting sequences required for replication were disrupted. When GFP was fused to the N-terminus of MP or CP, the chimeric RNAs accumulated in protoplasts but cell-to-cell movement in plants was blocked. Insertion of a GFP-sgp cassette immediately upstream of the CP gene caused a hypersensitive host response. However, insertion of a GFP-sgp cassette upstream of the MP gene did not affect symptom formation and yielded a vector that expressed GFP in inoculated but not in the systemic leaves of both P12 tobacco and non-transgenic N. benthamina plants. When the size of the GFP gene was reduced from 700 to 300 nucleotides, virus infection was observed in the non-inoculated leaves. Analysis of the progeny of some chimera revealed novel data on replication, encapsidation and recombination of AMV RNA 3. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Engineering of Alfalfa mosaic virus RNA 3 into an expression vector

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050170125
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

RNA 3 of alfalfa mosaic virus (AMV) encodes the 5′-proximal movement protein (MP) gene and the 3′-proximal coat protein (CP) gene which is expressed from a subgenomic RNA. Several strategies were explored to use this RNA as a vector for expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Nicotiana tabaccum plants expressing the viral polymerase proteins P1 and P2 (P12 plants). Insertion of a subgenomic promoter (sgp)-GFP cassette between the CP gene and the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) interfered with RNA accumulation in protoplasts, indicating that cis -acting sequences required for replication were disrupted. When GFP was fused to the N-terminus of MP or CP, the chimeric RNAs accumulated in protoplasts but cell-to-cell movement in plants was blocked. Insertion of a GFP-sgp cassette immediately upstream of the CP gene caused a hypersensitive host response. However, insertion of a GFP-sgp cassette upstream of the MP gene did not affect symptom formation and yielded a vector that expressed GFP in inoculated but not in the systemic leaves of both P12 tobacco and non-transgenic N. benthamina plants. When the size of the GFP gene was reduced from 700 to 300 nucleotides, virus infection was observed in the non-inoculated leaves. Analysis of the progeny of some chimera revealed novel data on replication, encapsidation and recombination of AMV RNA 3.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2001

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