Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) is one of the most important dehydrogenases responsible for generating reduced NADPH for anabolism and is also the rate-limiting enzyme in the Entner-Doudoroff pathway. For in vitro biocatalysis, G6PDH must possess both high activity and good thermostability due to requirements of efficient use and low expense of biocatalyst. Here, we used directed evolution to improve thermostability of the highly active G6PDH from Zymomonas mobilis. Four generations of random mutagenesis and Petri-dish-based double-layer screening evolved the thermolabile wild-type enzyme to the thermostable mutant Mut 4-1, which showed a more than 124-fold increase in half-life time (t 1/2) at 60 °C, a 3.4 °C increase in melting temperature (T m ), and a 5 °C increase in optimal temperature (T opt), without compromising the specific activity. In addition, the thermostable mutant was conducted to generate hydrogen from maltodextrin via in vitro synthetic biosystems (ivSB), gaining a more than 8-fold improvement of productivity rate with 76% of theoretical yield at 60 °C. Thus, the engineered G6PDH has been shown to effectively regenerate NADPH at high temperatures and will be applicable for NAD(P)H regeneration in numerous in vitro biocatalysis applications.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 26, 2018
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