Engaging in Self-Reflection Changes Self-Concept Clarity: On Differences Between Women and Men, and Low- and High-Clarity Individuals

Engaging in Self-Reflection Changes Self-Concept Clarity: On Differences Between Women and Men,... Three studies addressed the gender difference in the tendency to reflect upon self-descriptive traits and the consequences of engaging in such trait-reflection. In Study 1, women reported engaging in trait-reflection more than men did. In the pilot Study 2, low and high self-clarity women and men were randomly assigned either to reflect on self-descriptive traits or to a distraction condition. The expected clarity × condition × time interaction was significant for women, in the analyses that excluded individuals with extreme self-esteem scores. Reflecting on their own traits led low-clarity women to increase in clarity and high-clarity women to decrease in clarity. Men showed no change in self-clarity across condition. In Study 3, low- and high-clarity individuals were initially matched on self-esteem. Results of Study 2 were replicated. Findings are discussed in terms of gender differences in self-focused attention and the nature of self-clarity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Engaging in Self-Reflection Changes Self-Concept Clarity: On Differences Between Women and Men, and Low- and High-Clarity Individuals

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:SERS.0000023067.77649.29
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Three studies addressed the gender difference in the tendency to reflect upon self-descriptive traits and the consequences of engaging in such trait-reflection. In Study 1, women reported engaging in trait-reflection more than men did. In the pilot Study 2, low and high self-clarity women and men were randomly assigned either to reflect on self-descriptive traits or to a distraction condition. The expected clarity × condition × time interaction was significant for women, in the analyses that excluded individuals with extreme self-esteem scores. Reflecting on their own traits led low-clarity women to increase in clarity and high-clarity women to decrease in clarity. Men showed no change in self-clarity across condition. In Study 3, low- and high-clarity individuals were initially matched on self-esteem. Results of Study 2 were replicated. Findings are discussed in terms of gender differences in self-focused attention and the nature of self-clarity.

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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