Engaging in Self-Reflection Changes Self-Concept Clarity: On Differences Between Women and Men, and Low- and High-Clarity Individuals

Engaging in Self-Reflection Changes Self-Concept Clarity: On Differences Between Women and Men,... Three studies addressed the gender difference in the tendency to reflect upon self-descriptive traits and the consequences of engaging in such trait-reflection. In Study 1, women reported engaging in trait-reflection more than men did. In the pilot Study 2, low and high self-clarity women and men were randomly assigned either to reflect on self-descriptive traits or to a distraction condition. The expected clarity × condition × time interaction was significant for women, in the analyses that excluded individuals with extreme self-esteem scores. Reflecting on their own traits led low-clarity women to increase in clarity and high-clarity women to decrease in clarity. Men showed no change in self-clarity across condition. In Study 3, low- and high-clarity individuals were initially matched on self-esteem. Results of Study 2 were replicated. Findings are discussed in terms of gender differences in self-focused attention and the nature of self-clarity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Engaging in Self-Reflection Changes Self-Concept Clarity: On Differences Between Women and Men, and Low- and High-Clarity Individuals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/engaging-in-self-reflection-changes-self-concept-clarity-on-kcJiVO0d9R
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:SERS.0000023067.77649.29
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Three studies addressed the gender difference in the tendency to reflect upon self-descriptive traits and the consequences of engaging in such trait-reflection. In Study 1, women reported engaging in trait-reflection more than men did. In the pilot Study 2, low and high self-clarity women and men were randomly assigned either to reflect on self-descriptive traits or to a distraction condition. The expected clarity × condition × time interaction was significant for women, in the analyses that excluded individuals with extreme self-esteem scores. Reflecting on their own traits led low-clarity women to increase in clarity and high-clarity women to decrease in clarity. Men showed no change in self-clarity across condition. In Study 3, low- and high-clarity individuals were initially matched on self-esteem. Results of Study 2 were replicated. Findings are discussed in terms of gender differences in self-focused attention and the nature of self-clarity.

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off