Energy sector planning using multiple-index pinch analysis

Energy sector planning using multiple-index pinch analysis Pinch analysis was initially developed as a methodology for optimizing energy efficiency in process plants. Applications of pinch analysis applications are based on common principles of using stream quantity and quality to determine optimal system targets. This initial targeting step identifies the pinch point, which then allows complex problems to be decomposed for the subsequent design of an optimal network using insights drawn from the targeting stage. One important class of pinch analysis problems is energy planning with footprint constraints, which began with the development of carbon emissions pinch analysis; in such problems, energy sources and demands are characterized by carbon footprint as the quality index. This methodology has been extended by using alternative quality indexes that measure different sustainability dimensions, such as water footprint, land footprint, emergy transformity, inoperability risk, energy return on investment and human fatalities. Pinch analysis variants still have the limitation of being able to use one quality index at a time, while previous attempts to develop pinch analysis methods using multiple indices have only been partially successful for special cases. In this work, a multiple-index pinch analysis method is developed by using an aggregate quality index, based on a weighted linear function of different quality indexes normally used in energy planning. The weights used to compute the aggregate index are determined via the analytic hierarchy process. A case study for Indian power sector is solved to illustrate how this approach allows multiple sustainability dimensions to be accounted for in energy planning. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy Springer Journals

Energy sector planning using multiple-index pinch analysis

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Environment; Sustainable Development; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering; Industrial and Production Engineering; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Environmental Economics
ISSN
1618-954X
eISSN
1618-9558
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10098-017-1365-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pinch analysis was initially developed as a methodology for optimizing energy efficiency in process plants. Applications of pinch analysis applications are based on common principles of using stream quantity and quality to determine optimal system targets. This initial targeting step identifies the pinch point, which then allows complex problems to be decomposed for the subsequent design of an optimal network using insights drawn from the targeting stage. One important class of pinch analysis problems is energy planning with footprint constraints, which began with the development of carbon emissions pinch analysis; in such problems, energy sources and demands are characterized by carbon footprint as the quality index. This methodology has been extended by using alternative quality indexes that measure different sustainability dimensions, such as water footprint, land footprint, emergy transformity, inoperability risk, energy return on investment and human fatalities. Pinch analysis variants still have the limitation of being able to use one quality index at a time, while previous attempts to develop pinch analysis methods using multiple indices have only been partially successful for special cases. In this work, a multiple-index pinch analysis method is developed by using an aggregate quality index, based on a weighted linear function of different quality indexes normally used in energy planning. The weights used to compute the aggregate index are determined via the analytic hierarchy process. A case study for Indian power sector is solved to illustrate how this approach allows multiple sustainability dimensions to be accounted for in energy planning.

Journal

Clean Technologies and Environmental PolicySpringer Journals

Published: May 29, 2017

References

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