The analysis of advantages and disadvantages of the main well known methods of waste processing taking into account their energy efficiency and ecological safety are presented in the article. The energy efficiency of the designed by the authors complex processing of organic waste (CPOW) is shown by calculations. Kinetic laws of main stages of the sequential processing of waste by biochemical (anaerobic digestion) and thermal chemical (pyrolysis or oxidative thermo-destruction) methods into caloric fuel gas and their beneficial mutual influence are considered. The main products of CPOW are: fuel gas, carbon dioxide, production of greenhouses, hot water, and inorganic residue of waste. The complex is thermally independent and environmentally almost friendly. No more than 20% of the potential of the internal structure of waste is used for functioning of the complex. It is shown that CPOW is the most efficient among the known method of the organic waste processing.
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 2, 2011
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