Encephalomyocarditis virus may use different pathways to initiate infection of primary human cardiomyocytes

Encephalomyocarditis virus may use different pathways to initiate infection of primary human... Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) can infect a wide range of vertebrate species including swine and non-human primates, but few data are available for humans. We therefore wanted to gain further insight into the mechanisms involved in EMCV infection of human cells. For this purpose, we analyzed the permissiveness of primary human cardiomyocytes towards two strains of EMCV; a pig myocardial strain (B279/95) and a rat strain (1086C). In this study, we show that both strains productively infect primary human cardiomyocytes and induce complete cytolysis. Binding and infection inhibition experiments indicated that attachment and infection are independent of sialic acid and heparan sulfate for B279/95 and dependent for 1086C. Sequence comparison between the two strains and three-dimensional analysis of the capsid revealed that six of the seven variable residues are surface-exposed, suggesting a role for these amino acids in binding. Moreover, analysis of variants isolated from the 1086C strain revealed the importance of lysine 231 of VP1 in the attachment of EMCV to cell-surface sialic acid residues. Together, these results show a potential for EMCV strains to use at least two different binding possibilities to initiate infection and provide new insights into the mechanisms involved in primary human cell recognition by EMCV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Encephalomyocarditis virus may use different pathways to initiate infection of primary human cardiomyocytes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/encephalomyocarditis-virus-may-use-different-pathways-to-initiate-xHFKJxlxg0
Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-011-1133-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) can infect a wide range of vertebrate species including swine and non-human primates, but few data are available for humans. We therefore wanted to gain further insight into the mechanisms involved in EMCV infection of human cells. For this purpose, we analyzed the permissiveness of primary human cardiomyocytes towards two strains of EMCV; a pig myocardial strain (B279/95) and a rat strain (1086C). In this study, we show that both strains productively infect primary human cardiomyocytes and induce complete cytolysis. Binding and infection inhibition experiments indicated that attachment and infection are independent of sialic acid and heparan sulfate for B279/95 and dependent for 1086C. Sequence comparison between the two strains and three-dimensional analysis of the capsid revealed that six of the seven variable residues are surface-exposed, suggesting a role for these amino acids in binding. Moreover, analysis of variants isolated from the 1086C strain revealed the importance of lysine 231 of VP1 in the attachment of EMCV to cell-surface sialic acid residues. Together, these results show a potential for EMCV strains to use at least two different binding possibilities to initiate infection and provide new insights into the mechanisms involved in primary human cell recognition by EMCV.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off