The public cloud storage auditing with deduplication has been studied to assure the data integrity and improve the storage efficiency for cloud storage in recent years. The cloud, however, has to store the link between the file and its data owners to support the valid data downloading in previous schemes. From this file-owner link, the cloud server can identify which users own the same file. It might expose the sensitive relationship among data owners of this multi-owners file, which seriously harms the data owners’ privacy. To address this problem, we propose an identity-protected secure auditing and deduplicating data scheme in this paper. In the proposed scheme, the cloud cannot learn any useful information on the relationship of data owners. Different from existing schemes, the cloud does not need to store the file-owner link for supporting valid data downloading. Instead, when the user downloads the file, he only needs to anonymously submit a credential to the cloud, and can download the file only if this credential is valid. Except this main contribution, our scheme has the following advantages over existing schemes. First, the proposed scheme achieves the constant storage, that is, the storage space is fully independent of the number of the data owners possessing the same file. Second, the proposed scheme achieves the constant computation. Only the first uploader needs to generate the authenticator for each file block, while subsequent owners do not need to generate it any longer. As a result, our scheme greatly reduces the storage overhead of the cloud and the computation overhead of data owners. The security analysis and experimental results show that our scheme is secure and efficient.
Cluster Computing – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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