Population Research and Policy Review 20: 81–105, 2001. © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. Employment and earnings of foreign-born scientists and engineers THOMAS J. ESPENSHADE, MARGARET L. USDANSKY & CHANG Y. CHUNG Ofﬁce of Population Research, Princeton University Introduction Research on skilled immigrants is an important, yet much neglected, topic in studies of the effects of immigration on the U.S. economy. Much of aca- demic research and indeed most of the immigration policy debate have been preoccupied with unskilled or less-skilled migrants (Smith & Edmonston 1997). It is easy to understand this emphasis. The typical immigrant possesses less schooling than the average native worker (Funkhouser & Trejo 1995). Moreover, part of the growing wage gap in the United States between workers with a college education and those without a high school diploma may be due to labor market competition between immigrants and lesser skilled native, particularly minority, workers (Smith & Edmonston 1997). Lost in much of the debate is the fact that immigrants are over-represented at both ends of the educational spectrum. Data from the 1990 census show that 42 percent of adult migrants over the age of 25 and who came to the United States
Population Research and Policy Review – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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