Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) is an antigenic variant of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1), which infects pigeons. The virus causes high morbidity and mortality, creating an alarming state for the poultry industry. The present work describes the molecular and pathogenic characterization of a PPMV-1 strain isolated from pigeon in Bhopal, India. Complete genome sequence analysis revealed a genome of 15,192 nucleotides encoding six genes organized in the order 3’-N-P-M-F-HN-L-5’. The fusion gene sequence analysis showed the presence of multiple basic amino acids 112R-R-Q-K-R-F117 at the cleavage site corresponding to pathogenic strains. The mean death time and intracerebral pathogenicity index values indicated a mesogenic nature for the PPMV-1 isolate. On phylogenetic analysis, the strain clustered with genotype VI viruses, including isolates from pigeon and dove. The Bhopal strain showed significant intra and inter-genotype evolutionary distance, suggesting the emergence of a new sub-genotype, VIj.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 27, 2017
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