Embryotoxicity of Quantum Dots in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss During the Hatching Period

Embryotoxicity of Quantum Dots in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss During the Hatching Period Due to the active development and application of nanotechnology, nanoparticles have emerged as a new class of environmental pollutants. The aim of the study was to investigate quantum dots (QDs) access routes and distribution in embryos and larvae of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and to determine the toxicity of QDs to rainbow trout larvae depending on the duration of exposure. CdSe/ZnS–COOH QDs at sublethal concentration was used during the toxicity test (1, 4 and 14 days). The results showed that QDs could get from the solutions into the larvae after hatching. QDs induced a significant increase in mortality, gill ventilation frequency and behavioral responses and a decrease in relative body mass in larvae at the end of the test. Larvae exposed to QDs were found to possess developmental malformations (blood clots). It was found that biological responses of larvae significantly depended on the duration of exposure to QDs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Springer Journals

Embryotoxicity of Quantum Dots in Rainbow Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss During the Hatching Period

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Pollution, general; Environmental Health; Ecotoxicology; Soil Science & Conservation; Environmental Chemistry; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0007-4861
eISSN
1432-0800
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00128-018-2367-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Due to the active development and application of nanotechnology, nanoparticles have emerged as a new class of environmental pollutants. The aim of the study was to investigate quantum dots (QDs) access routes and distribution in embryos and larvae of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and to determine the toxicity of QDs to rainbow trout larvae depending on the duration of exposure. CdSe/ZnS–COOH QDs at sublethal concentration was used during the toxicity test (1, 4 and 14 days). The results showed that QDs could get from the solutions into the larvae after hatching. QDs induced a significant increase in mortality, gill ventilation frequency and behavioral responses and a decrease in relative body mass in larvae at the end of the test. Larvae exposed to QDs were found to possess developmental malformations (blood clots). It was found that biological responses of larvae significantly depended on the duration of exposure to QDs.

Journal

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and ToxicologySpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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