Embryonic development of the pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus (Gadidae)

Embryonic development of the pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus (Gadidae) Incubation of pacific cod eggs was divided into eight series, in which temperatures were set at −0.04°C to +4.03°C and warm and cold conditions alternated. The morphological changes that took place during the embryogenesis were described in detail using the results of the incubation. Twenty-two morphological characters that could be identified easily and that characterized the morphogenesis were defined in the course of development. The results of the incubation and data from the literature showed that the duration of the embryonic period in the Pacific cod’s lifecycle grew exponentially as water temperature decreased. It was found during the experiment that developing cod eggs survived low water temperatures up to freezing, as well as abrupt warming or cooling (over 3°C). According to the widely accepted Rass scale, the first stage of the Pacific cod embryogenesis takes 21% of its total duration, the second stage 23%, the third, 17%, and the fourth, 39%. However, at a temperature below 0°C, the relative duration of the stages of cleavage and embryonic shield was slightly shortened, whereas the mature embryo stage extended to almost half of the embryogenesis period. A more comprehensive analysis of temperature effects on embryogenesis revealed that the reduction of the rate of embryogenesis upon a temperature decrease occurred mostly at later stages of embryo growth. Modeling of development using defined morphological characters showed that the duration of embryogenesis grew linearly as the incubation temperature dropped in the first half of the embryogenesis and exponentially in the second half. A function was selected that described the obtained results most satisfactorily and that could be used for estimating the duration of the entire embryogenesis or any its stages within the range of water temperatures typical for Pacific cod. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Embryonic development of the pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus (Gadidae)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/embryonic-development-of-the-pacific-cod-gadus-macrocephalus-gadidae-lNHsNAtDOJ
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074010070060
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial