Embryonal Development of Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) with the Annual Cycle of Ovulate Cone Development in the Western Sayan Mountains

Embryonal Development of Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) with the Annual Cycle of Ovulate... Morphological and cytoembryological studies of unique forms of Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) with the annual cycle of ovulate cone development were carried out. The morphogenesis of female shoots in these anomalous trees with the annual cycle of development was shown to provide for an accelerated development and very rapid growth of megastrobili and accelerated formation of reproductive structures. Cytoembryological studies of ovules in these trees showed significant shortening of the free-nuclear stage of gametophyte development (up to 3 weeks instead of one year) and ultra-early formation of archegonia and egg cells. However, no fertilization of egg cells and the development of embryos occur in the anomalous forms; the egg-cell nucleus divides in the haploid state. Developing seeds are formed without embryo. The author hypothesizes that the acceleration of embryo development in the anomalous pine trees is caused by enhanced hormonal, carbohydrate, and nitrogen metabolism in ovule tissues. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Embryonal Development of Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) with the Annual Cycle of Ovulate Cone Development in the Western Sayan Mountains

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:RUPP.0000011312.64979.0d
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Morphological and cytoembryological studies of unique forms of Siberian pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour) with the annual cycle of ovulate cone development were carried out. The morphogenesis of female shoots in these anomalous trees with the annual cycle of development was shown to provide for an accelerated development and very rapid growth of megastrobili and accelerated formation of reproductive structures. Cytoembryological studies of ovules in these trees showed significant shortening of the free-nuclear stage of gametophyte development (up to 3 weeks instead of one year) and ultra-early formation of archegonia and egg cells. However, no fertilization of egg cells and the development of embryos occur in the anomalous forms; the egg-cell nucleus divides in the haploid state. Developing seeds are formed without embryo. The author hypothesizes that the acceleration of embryo development in the anomalous pine trees is caused by enhanced hormonal, carbohydrate, and nitrogen metabolism in ovule tissues.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2004

References

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