Elementary quantum gates in different bases

Elementary quantum gates in different bases We introduce transformation matrix connecting sets of the displaced states with different displacement amplitudes. Arbitrary pure one-mode state can be represented in new basis of the displaced number (Fock) states ( $$\alpha $$ α -representation) by multiplying the transposed transformation matrix on a column vector of initial state. Analytical expressions of the $$\alpha $$ α -representation of superposition of vacuum and single photon and two-mode squeezed vacuum are obtained. On the basis of the developed mathematical formalism, we consider the mechanism of interaction between qubits which is based on their displaced properties. Superposed coherent states deterministically displace target state on equal modulo but opposite on sign values. Registration of the single photon in auxiliary mode (probabilistic operation) results in constructive interference and gives birth to entangled hybrid state corresponding to outcome of elementary quantum gates. The method requires minimal number of resource and works in realistic scenario. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Elementary quantum gates in different bases

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-016-1375-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We introduce transformation matrix connecting sets of the displaced states with different displacement amplitudes. Arbitrary pure one-mode state can be represented in new basis of the displaced number (Fock) states ( $$\alpha $$ α -representation) by multiplying the transposed transformation matrix on a column vector of initial state. Analytical expressions of the $$\alpha $$ α -representation of superposition of vacuum and single photon and two-mode squeezed vacuum are obtained. On the basis of the developed mathematical formalism, we consider the mechanism of interaction between qubits which is based on their displaced properties. Superposed coherent states deterministically displace target state on equal modulo but opposite on sign values. Registration of the single photon in auxiliary mode (probabilistic operation) results in constructive interference and gives birth to entangled hybrid state corresponding to outcome of elementary quantum gates. The method requires minimal number of resource and works in realistic scenario.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 2, 2016

References

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