We introduce transformation matrix connecting sets of the displaced states with different displacement amplitudes. Arbitrary pure one-mode state can be represented in new basis of the displaced number (Fock) states ( $$\alpha $$ α -representation) by multiplying the transposed transformation matrix on a column vector of initial state. Analytical expressions of the $$\alpha $$ α -representation of superposition of vacuum and single photon and two-mode squeezed vacuum are obtained. On the basis of the developed mathematical formalism, we consider the mechanism of interaction between qubits which is based on their displaced properties. Superposed coherent states deterministically displace target state on equal modulo but opposite on sign values. Registration of the single photon in auxiliary mode (probabilistic operation) results in constructive interference and gives birth to entangled hybrid state corresponding to outcome of elementary quantum gates. The method requires minimal number of resource and works in realistic scenario.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 2, 2016
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