Electrorotation of Isolated Generative and Vegetative Cells, and of Intact Pollen Grains of Lilium longiflorum

Electrorotation of Isolated Generative and Vegetative Cells, and of Intact Pollen Grains of... The dielectric structure of mature pollen of the angiosperm Lilium longiflorum was studied by means of single-cell electrorotation. The use of a microstructured four-electrode chamber allowed the measurements to be performed over a wide range of medium conductivity from 3 to 500 mS m−1. The rotation spectra of hydrated pollen grains exhibited at least three well-resolved peaks in the kHz-MHz frequency range, which obviously arise due to the multilayered structure of pollen grains. The three-shell model can explain the complex rotational behavior of pollen grains in terms of conductivities, permittivities and thicknesses of the following compartments: the exine and intine of the pollen grain wall as well as the membrane and cytoplasm of the vegetative cell. However, the number of unknown parameters (more than 8) was too large to allow unambiguous values to be assigned to any of them. Therefore, to facilitate the evaluation of the pollen grain parameters, additional rotational measurements were made on isolated vegetative and generative cells. The rotation spectra of these cells could be fitted very accurately on the basis of the single-shell model by assuming a dispersion of the cytoplasm. The data on the membrane and cytoplasmic properties of isolated vegetative cells were then used for modeling the rotation spectra of pollen grains. This greatly facilitated the fitting of the theoretical model to the experimental data and allowed the dielectric properties of the major structural units to be determined. The dielectric characterization of pollen is of enormous interest for plant biotechnology, where pollen and isolated germ cells are successfully used for production of transgenic crop and drug plants of economic importance by means of electromanipulation techniques. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Electrorotation of Isolated Generative and Vegetative Cells, and of Intact Pollen Grains of Lilium longiflorum

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/electrorotation-of-isolated-generative-and-vegetative-cells-and-of-E04OEzoq1s
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900311
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The dielectric structure of mature pollen of the angiosperm Lilium longiflorum was studied by means of single-cell electrorotation. The use of a microstructured four-electrode chamber allowed the measurements to be performed over a wide range of medium conductivity from 3 to 500 mS m−1. The rotation spectra of hydrated pollen grains exhibited at least three well-resolved peaks in the kHz-MHz frequency range, which obviously arise due to the multilayered structure of pollen grains. The three-shell model can explain the complex rotational behavior of pollen grains in terms of conductivities, permittivities and thicknesses of the following compartments: the exine and intine of the pollen grain wall as well as the membrane and cytoplasm of the vegetative cell. However, the number of unknown parameters (more than 8) was too large to allow unambiguous values to be assigned to any of them. Therefore, to facilitate the evaluation of the pollen grain parameters, additional rotational measurements were made on isolated vegetative and generative cells. The rotation spectra of these cells could be fitted very accurately on the basis of the single-shell model by assuming a dispersion of the cytoplasm. The data on the membrane and cytoplasmic properties of isolated vegetative cells were then used for modeling the rotation spectra of pollen grains. This greatly facilitated the fitting of the theoretical model to the experimental data and allowed the dielectric properties of the major structural units to be determined. The dielectric characterization of pollen is of enormous interest for plant biotechnology, where pollen and isolated germ cells are successfully used for production of transgenic crop and drug plants of economic importance by means of electromanipulation techniques.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 1998

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off