Rhizobia that nodulate peas comprise a heterogeneous group of bacteria. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between phylogeny and electrophoretic and hydroxy fatty acid lipopolysaccharide (LPS) profiles of pea microsymbionts. Based on amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting data, the pea microsymbionts were grouped into two clusters distinguished at 58% similarity level. Based on the concatenated 16S rRNA, recA, and atpD housekeeping gene data, the microsymbionts appeared to be most closely related to Rhizobium leguminosarum biovars viciae and trifolii. Applying cluster analysis to their LPS electrophoretic profiles, the strains were assigned to two major groups with different banding patterns. All hydroxy fatty acids common to R. leguminosarum and R. etli were detected in each examined strain. Differences in the proportions of 3- to ω-1 hydroxy fatty acids allowed us to distinguish two groups of strains. This classification did not overlap with one based on LPS electrophoretic profiles. No clear correlation was apparent between the genetic traits and LPS profiles of the pea nodule isolates.
Archives of Microbiology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 6, 2017
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