Electronic components and architecture of future supercomputers

Electronic components and architecture of future supercomputers The development of architecture and electronic components of domestic and foreign supercomputers for over 50 years is reviewed from the first scalar computers CDC 6600, CDC 7600, IBM Stretch, and BESM-6 to modern systems with petascale performance. The following development stages are identified: scalar, vector-pipeline machines, massively parallel microprocessor systems, systems with accelerators and coprocessors, and heterogeneous systems on new components. The basic problems of the development of exascale systems are analyzed, and the plans of foreign companies to develop such systems are reviewed. Based on the experience in research on multiarchitecture systems, the author concludes that the development from personal computers to supersystems is wrong from a technical point of view and should not be repeated in our country. The supersystem development results should be used to create all classes of computers including PCs. The development of a domestic architecture, electronic components, and software for supersystems is an absolutely necessary condition for the strategic independence and guarantee of continuous development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Microelectronics Springer Journals

Electronic components and architecture of future supercomputers

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Engineering; Electrical Engineering
ISSN
1063-7397
eISSN
1608-3415
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063739715030063
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The development of architecture and electronic components of domestic and foreign supercomputers for over 50 years is reviewed from the first scalar computers CDC 6600, CDC 7600, IBM Stretch, and BESM-6 to modern systems with petascale performance. The following development stages are identified: scalar, vector-pipeline machines, massively parallel microprocessor systems, systems with accelerators and coprocessors, and heterogeneous systems on new components. The basic problems of the development of exascale systems are analyzed, and the plans of foreign companies to develop such systems are reviewed. Based on the experience in research on multiarchitecture systems, the author concludes that the development from personal computers to supersystems is wrong from a technical point of view and should not be repeated in our country. The supersystem development results should be used to create all classes of computers including PCs. The development of a domestic architecture, electronic components, and software for supersystems is an absolutely necessary condition for the strategic independence and guarantee of continuous development.

Journal

Russian MicroelectronicsSpringer Journals

Published: May 7, 2015

References

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