Electrokinetic Characteristics of Porous Glasses in Solutions of Sodium and Iron(III) Chlorides

Electrokinetic Characteristics of Porous Glasses in Solutions of Sodium and Iron(III) Chlorides The structural (structural resistance coefficient, bulk porosity, average pore radius, and specific surface area) and electrokinetic (surface conductivity and electrokinetic potential) characteristics of high-silica micro- and macroporous glasses produced from two-phase sodium borosilicate glass have been compared in solutions of an indifferent electrolyte (sodium chloride) and iron(III) chloride containing iron ions, which have a high specificity to silica surfaces. It has been shown that, in the presence of iron ions, the electrokinetic behavior of porous glasses is governed by two factors. First, the superequivalent adsorption of these ions in the Stern layer leads to positive values of the electrokinetic potential, and, second, their mobility in the pore space decreases, thereby resulting in the appearance of equilibrium solution concentration ranges, in which the specific conductivity of a pore solution becomes lower than that of a free solution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Colloid Journal Springer Journals

Electrokinetic Characteristics of Porous Glasses in Solutions of Sodium and Iron(III) Chlorides

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films
ISSN
1061-933X
eISSN
1608-3067
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1061933X18030043
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The structural (structural resistance coefficient, bulk porosity, average pore radius, and specific surface area) and electrokinetic (surface conductivity and electrokinetic potential) characteristics of high-silica micro- and macroporous glasses produced from two-phase sodium borosilicate glass have been compared in solutions of an indifferent electrolyte (sodium chloride) and iron(III) chloride containing iron ions, which have a high specificity to silica surfaces. It has been shown that, in the presence of iron ions, the electrokinetic behavior of porous glasses is governed by two factors. First, the superequivalent adsorption of these ions in the Stern layer leads to positive values of the electrokinetic potential, and, second, their mobility in the pore space decreases, thereby resulting in the appearance of equilibrium solution concentration ranges, in which the specific conductivity of a pore solution becomes lower than that of a free solution.

Journal

Colloid JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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