Electrocortical activity during stretch reflex in athletes

Electrocortical activity during stretch reflex in athletes Background To evaluate timing and characteristics of electrocortical activity during stretch reflex evocation of the quadri- ceps femoris at different body postures. Methods Twenty athletes were subjected to reflex hammer percussions on patellar tendon, in a random time sequence, in seated and supine decubitus postures. 745 ms of acquisition were evaluated for data analysis: 200 ms of pre-stimulation, 45 ms relative to the elapsed time from stimulation to the end of the muscular contraction, and 500 ms of post-stimulation. First, a scalp-map analysis, considering channels data, was performed; second, independent component analysis decomposi- tion was applied to all 16 channels. To highlight the differences among two conditions (pre- and post-stimulation) and two sessions (seated and supine decubitus postures), a two-way analysis of variance was used. Time–frequency analysis has been applied to identify the density of the frequencies as a function of the time, instant by instant. Results Fast alpha, beta, and gamma frequency bands showed a greater electroencephalographic activity after the stimula- tion. Seated posture showed a greater activation than the decubitus supine posture. Time frequency analysis highlighted an higher electrocortical activation for 160 ms as well as from about 250–300 ms at all frequency bands after the stimulation. Conclusions Our findings improve the understanding http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sport Sciences for Health Springer Journals

Electrocortical activity during stretch reflex in athletes

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Sports Medicine; Human Physiology; Metabolic Diseases
ISSN
1824-7490
eISSN
1825-1234
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11332-018-0471-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background To evaluate timing and characteristics of electrocortical activity during stretch reflex evocation of the quadri- ceps femoris at different body postures. Methods Twenty athletes were subjected to reflex hammer percussions on patellar tendon, in a random time sequence, in seated and supine decubitus postures. 745 ms of acquisition were evaluated for data analysis: 200 ms of pre-stimulation, 45 ms relative to the elapsed time from stimulation to the end of the muscular contraction, and 500 ms of post-stimulation. First, a scalp-map analysis, considering channels data, was performed; second, independent component analysis decomposi- tion was applied to all 16 channels. To highlight the differences among two conditions (pre- and post-stimulation) and two sessions (seated and supine decubitus postures), a two-way analysis of variance was used. Time–frequency analysis has been applied to identify the density of the frequencies as a function of the time, instant by instant. Results Fast alpha, beta, and gamma frequency bands showed a greater electroencephalographic activity after the stimula- tion. Seated posture showed a greater activation than the decubitus supine posture. Time frequency analysis highlighted an higher electrocortical activation for 160 ms as well as from about 250–300 ms at all frequency bands after the stimulation. Conclusions Our findings improve the understanding

Journal

Sport Sciences for HealthSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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