Electrochemotherapy is an efficient local treatment of tumors that combines administration of a chemotherapeutic drug with the subsequent application of electric pulses to the tumor. Although no difference in clinical response of the treated tumors to the electrochemotherapy when using 1 Hz or 5 kHz repetition frequency was observed, it is mandatory to be aware of possible differences in the effectiveness of electrochemotherapy when using suboptimal doses of the drugs. Therefore, this study compares the antitumor effectiveness of electrochemotherapy using electric pulse trains with repetition frequencies of 1 Hz and 5 kHz at suboptimal drug doses of bleomycin or cisplatin. Electrochemotherapy of fibrosarcoma SA-1 subcutaneous tumors transplanted in A/J mice resulted in good antitumor effectiveness, but antitumor effectiveness was significantly better at 1 Hz repetition frequency than at 5 kHz. The platinum content was higher in tumors treated with a 1 Hz repetition frequency. The application of electric pulses to the tumors at a 5 kHz repetition frequency induced an immediate reduction in tumor perfusion, comparable to the reduction at 1 Hz but with faster reperfusion. The greater effectiveness of electrochemotherapy using electric pulse trains of 1 Hz compared to 5 kHz is due to the greater electroporative effect and longer time in which electroporated tumors are exposed to the two chemotherapeutic drugs. These differences are observed at suboptimal drug doses, whereas at optimal drug doses of bleomycin or cisplatin the antitumor effectiveness is the same, as demonstrated in clinical trials.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 4, 2010
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