Electrical Properties of Bismuth/Lithium-Cosubstituted Strontium Titanate Ceramics

Electrical Properties of Bismuth/Lithium-Cosubstituted Strontium Titanate Ceramics Sr(1−x)(Bi,Li) x TiO3 compound was prepared via a solid-state reaction route with microwave heating of the starting materials. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed pure perovskite phase without formation of any secondary phases. The electrical conductivity was studied as a function of temperature and frequency. The experimental results indicate that the alternating-current (AC) conductivity increased with frequency, following the Jonscher power law. To interpret the possible mechanism for electrical conduction, the correlated barrier hopping model was applied. The effect of temperature and the Bi/Li concentration on the electrical resistivity was studied. The results showed that the electrical resistivity decreased with increasing temperature, which could be due to increased thermal energy of electrons. Also, the electrical resistivity decreased with increase in the amount of Bi and Li, which could be due to increased concentration of structural defects, which could increase the number of either electrons or holes available for conduction. A single semicircular arc corresponding to a single relaxation process was observed for all the investigated ceramics, suggesting a grain contribution to the total resistance in these materials. Arrhenius plots were used to obtain the activation energy for the samples. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Electronic Materials Springer Journals

Electrical Properties of Bismuth/Lithium-Cosubstituted Strontium Titanate Ceramics

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Subject
Materials Science; Optical and Electronic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation; Solid State Physics
ISSN
0361-5235
eISSN
1543-186X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11664-018-6219-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sr(1−x)(Bi,Li) x TiO3 compound was prepared via a solid-state reaction route with microwave heating of the starting materials. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed pure perovskite phase without formation of any secondary phases. The electrical conductivity was studied as a function of temperature and frequency. The experimental results indicate that the alternating-current (AC) conductivity increased with frequency, following the Jonscher power law. To interpret the possible mechanism for electrical conduction, the correlated barrier hopping model was applied. The effect of temperature and the Bi/Li concentration on the electrical resistivity was studied. The results showed that the electrical resistivity decreased with increasing temperature, which could be due to increased thermal energy of electrons. Also, the electrical resistivity decreased with increase in the amount of Bi and Li, which could be due to increased concentration of structural defects, which could increase the number of either electrons or holes available for conduction. A single semicircular arc corresponding to a single relaxation process was observed for all the investigated ceramics, suggesting a grain contribution to the total resistance in these materials. Arrhenius plots were used to obtain the activation energy for the samples.

Journal

Journal of Electronic MaterialsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 30, 2018

References

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