Electrical measurement of sediment layer thickness under suspension flows

Electrical measurement of sediment layer thickness under suspension flows  This paper reports a new technique to measure the thickness of a layer of deposited sediment as a function of time, independent of the flow conditions or presence of suspended sediment above the layer. Small electrodes on the bottom and a reference electrode in the fluid above were used to measure the resistance of the layer with a small AC current and a bridge circuit. Using a multiplexer and an Analog-to-Digital converter the growth of the layer can be accurately monitored at many locations on the tank bottom. In a trial experiment the sedimentation under a stagnant column of a monodisperse suspension was examined. The results show that changes in the sediment layer thickness of less than 0.3% can be measured for layers up to 0.2 g/cm2. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Electrical measurement of sediment layer thickness under suspension flows

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480050311
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 This paper reports a new technique to measure the thickness of a layer of deposited sediment as a function of time, independent of the flow conditions or presence of suspended sediment above the layer. Small electrodes on the bottom and a reference electrode in the fluid above were used to measure the resistance of the layer with a small AC current and a bridge circuit. Using a multiplexer and an Analog-to-Digital converter the growth of the layer can be accurately monitored at many locations on the tank bottom. In a trial experiment the sedimentation under a stagnant column of a monodisperse suspension was examined. The results show that changes in the sediment layer thickness of less than 0.3% can be measured for layers up to 0.2 g/cm2.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 1999

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