Environ Dev Sustain https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0190-3 1 1 Amela Ajanovic · Reinhard Haas Received: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 4 June 2018 © Springer Nature B.V. 2018 Abstract Since electric vehicles (EVs) have been recognized as a technology that reduces local air pollution while improving transport energy security, they have been promoted in many countries. Yet, mainly due to their high costs, especially in the case of pure battery electric vehicles, and a lack of proper infrastructure, the use of EVs is still very limited. In this paper, some of the major barriers and the future challenges are discussed. The current problems are mainly attributed to two categories: (1) the battery performances and costs, as well as battery production including issue of material availability and (2) environmental benefits of EVs depending on the sources used for the electricity generation and their car - bon intensity. The major conclusions are that (1) research and development with respect to batteries has by far the highest priority and (2) it has to be ensured that the electricity used in EVs is generated largely from renewable energy sources. Keywords Battery · Costs · Emissions · Lithium 1 Introduction Currently, the transport sector is responsible for about one quarter of the
"Environment, Development and Sustainability" – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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