Eicosanoid signaling in carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer

Eicosanoid signaling in carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the USA. It is of practical importance to identify novel therapeutic targets of CRC to develop new anti-cancer drugs and to discover novel biomarkers of CRC to develop new detection methods. Eicosanoids, which are metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids produced by cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (LOX), and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, are important lipid-signaling molecules involved in the regulation of inflammation and tumorigenesis. Substantial studies have shown that the profiles of eicosanoids are deregulated in CRC, and the enzymes, metabolites, and receptors in the eicosanoid signaling cascade play critical roles in regulating colonic inflammation and colon tumorigenesis. In this review, we discuss the roles of the COX, LOX, and CYP pathways in the carcinogenesis of CRC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer and Metastasis Reviews Springer Journals

Eicosanoid signaling in carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Cancer Research; Oncology; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
0167-7659
eISSN
1573-7233
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10555-018-9739-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the USA. It is of practical importance to identify novel therapeutic targets of CRC to develop new anti-cancer drugs and to discover novel biomarkers of CRC to develop new detection methods. Eicosanoids, which are metabolites of polyunsaturated fatty acids produced by cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase (LOX), and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, are important lipid-signaling molecules involved in the regulation of inflammation and tumorigenesis. Substantial studies have shown that the profiles of eicosanoids are deregulated in CRC, and the enzymes, metabolites, and receptors in the eicosanoid signaling cascade play critical roles in regulating colonic inflammation and colon tumorigenesis. In this review, we discuss the roles of the COX, LOX, and CYP pathways in the carcinogenesis of CRC.

Journal

Cancer and Metastasis ReviewsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

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