We utilized gene transfer technology for genetic perennial ryegrass improvement, efficient regeneration, and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of phosphinothricin acetyltransferase gene (bar). Four growth regulator combinations were compared and intact seeds of six turf-type cultivars as mature embryo sources were tested to optimize the regeneration conditions. Callus formation and regeneration were observed in all seeds. The highest callus formation frequency was observed in the seeds cultured on MS medium supplemented with 9 mg/l 2,4-D, without benzyladenine. Cv. TopGun revealed the highest callus induction and regeneration frequencies of 96 and 48.9%, respectively. By using an optimized regeneration system, embryogenic calli were transformed by an Agrobacterium strain LBA4404 containing the plasmid pCAMBIA3301. After the selection of the potentially transgenic calli with phosphinothricin, a herbicide, 22 transgenic resistant plants were regenerated. With PCR, Southern-blot hybridizations, and GUS expression techniques, we confirmed that some regenerants were transgenic. Two of the tested transgenic plants showed herbicide resistance. Our results indicated that embryogenic calli from mature seeds can be directly used for perennial ryegrass efficient regeneration and transformation and this protocol is applicable for genetic engineering of herbicide-resistant plants.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 24, 2007
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