A scheme is proposed to implement entanglement purification for two remote less entangled photons using robust continuous variable coherent modes, called as quantum communication bus (qubus), rather than consuming expensive ancilla single-photon sources. The qubus beams in the coherent states provide for the natural communication in the purification protocol, instead of the classical communication between the distant photons. Weak cross-Kerr nonlinearities, qubus beams and quantum non-demolition (QND) photon-number-resolving measurement are utilized for implementing deterministic entanglement purification. The core element to realize the QND measurement is Kerr nonlinearity. The necessary QND measurement in the present scheme is not an extra, very difficult, addition to the present protocol, but is taken care of by a phase measurement. The entanglement purification protocol (EPP) can obtain a maximally entangled pair with only one step, instead of improving the fidelity of less entangled pairs by performing continuous indefinite iterative purification procedure. The total success probability and fidelity of the present purification scheme can approach unit in principle. In addition, we investigate photon loss of the qubus beams during the transmission and decoherence effects in the entanglement purification caused by such a photon loss.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 9, 2014
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