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Efficiency of C3 and C4 Plant Derived-Biochar for Cd Mobility, Nutrient Cycling and Microbial Biomass in Contaminated Soil

Efficiency of C3 and C4 Plant Derived-Biochar for Cd Mobility, Nutrient Cycling and Microbial... Biochar is considered a novel soil amendment to reduce metal mobility, but its influence on soil chemical and biochemical properties is not fully understood. In the present study, biochar derived from rice straw (RSB), rice hull (RHB), and maize stover (MSB) was used to evaluate comparative efficiency on Cd mobility and soil biochemical properties. Ammonium nitrate extractable Cd significantly decreased among all the applied biochar types and application rates. The European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) technique showed significant decrease in acid-soluble Cd by 24%–32%, 19%–23%, and 22%–27% for RSB, RHB, and MSB, respectively at the 1.5% and 3% rate. However, the concentration of Cd in the residual increased by 38%, 35% and 36% for RSB, RHB and MSB, respectively at a 3% application rate. Soil microbial biomass (C and N) and inorganic nitrogen forms (NH4 and NO3) significantly increased among all biochar applications. Overall, RSB demonstrated positive results as soil amendments for Cd immobilization, increasing soil nutrient availability, and enhancing soil microbial biomass. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Springer Journals

Efficiency of C3 and C4 Plant Derived-Biochar for Cd Mobility, Nutrient Cycling and Microbial Biomass in Contaminated Soil

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Pollution, general; Environmental Health; Ecotoxicology; Soil Science & Conservation; Environmental Chemistry; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0007-4861
eISSN
1432-0800
DOI
10.1007/s00128-018-2332-6
pmid
29589048
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Biochar is considered a novel soil amendment to reduce metal mobility, but its influence on soil chemical and biochemical properties is not fully understood. In the present study, biochar derived from rice straw (RSB), rice hull (RHB), and maize stover (MSB) was used to evaluate comparative efficiency on Cd mobility and soil biochemical properties. Ammonium nitrate extractable Cd significantly decreased among all the applied biochar types and application rates. The European Community Bureau of Reference (BCR) technique showed significant decrease in acid-soluble Cd by 24%–32%, 19%–23%, and 22%–27% for RSB, RHB, and MSB, respectively at the 1.5% and 3% rate. However, the concentration of Cd in the residual increased by 38%, 35% and 36% for RSB, RHB and MSB, respectively at a 3% application rate. Soil microbial biomass (C and N) and inorganic nitrogen forms (NH4 and NO3) significantly increased among all biochar applications. Overall, RSB demonstrated positive results as soil amendments for Cd immobilization, increasing soil nutrient availability, and enhancing soil microbial biomass.

Journal

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and ToxicologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 27, 2018

References