Efficiency modeling of serial stabilization ponds in treatment of phenolic wastewater by response surface methodology

Efficiency modeling of serial stabilization ponds in treatment of phenolic wastewater by response... Phenol is one of the dangerous organic pollutants in industrial effluents, and it has high toxicity and numerous environ - mental problems. Thus, there is a growing need for more studies on its removal. The goal of this research is to provide a statistical modeling, analysis, and optimization of the simultaneous impact of temperature and phenol concentration on the efficiency of stabilization ponds in treatment of wastewater containing phenol. The experiments were performed using two stabilization ponds at laboratory scales. The experiments were designed by using response surface methodology and Design-Expert software. According to the presented model, optimum removal rate of phenol is achieve when temperature and phenol concentration are 14.20° C and 109.58 mg/l, respectively. The results showed that the removal rate dropped with decreased temperature and increased concentrations of phenol. At 20 °C, by increasing the concentration of phenol from 40 to 130 mg/l, the removal rate dropped from 73 to 45%. Based on this research results, it can be concluded that the stabilization pond had a proper performance in removing phenol, and stabilization ponds can be an alternative for complex and expensive systems. Keywords Phenol · Stabilization pond · RSM · Temperature · Concentration Introduction At room temperature, solid phenol is colorless, transparent http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Springer Journals

Efficiency modeling of serial stabilization ponds in treatment of phenolic wastewater by response surface methodology

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/efficiency-modeling-of-serial-stabilization-ponds-in-treatment-of-r7bw34qcnY
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Islamic Azad University (IAU)
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Science and Engineering; Environmental Chemistry; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution; Soil Science & Conservation; Ecotoxicology
ISSN
1735-1472
eISSN
1735-2630
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13762-018-1816-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Phenol is one of the dangerous organic pollutants in industrial effluents, and it has high toxicity and numerous environ - mental problems. Thus, there is a growing need for more studies on its removal. The goal of this research is to provide a statistical modeling, analysis, and optimization of the simultaneous impact of temperature and phenol concentration on the efficiency of stabilization ponds in treatment of wastewater containing phenol. The experiments were performed using two stabilization ponds at laboratory scales. The experiments were designed by using response surface methodology and Design-Expert software. According to the presented model, optimum removal rate of phenol is achieve when temperature and phenol concentration are 14.20° C and 109.58 mg/l, respectively. The results showed that the removal rate dropped with decreased temperature and increased concentrations of phenol. At 20 °C, by increasing the concentration of phenol from 40 to 130 mg/l, the removal rate dropped from 73 to 45%. Based on this research results, it can be concluded that the stabilization pond had a proper performance in removing phenol, and stabilization ponds can be an alternative for complex and expensive systems. Keywords Phenol · Stabilization pond · RSM · Temperature · Concentration Introduction At room temperature, solid phenol is colorless, transparent

Journal

International Journal of Environmental Science and TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off