Efficacy of palivizumab prophylaxis on the frequency of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract infections in preterm infants: determination of the ideal target population for prophylaxis

Efficacy of palivizumab prophylaxis on the frequency of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract... Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis in high-risk infants is an effective intervention for the prevention of severe disease. The aim of this study was to determine the ideal target preterm population that might benefit from palivizumab prophylaxis by establishing the main risk factors for acute RSV-related infections. Former premature infants born with a gestational age ≤37 weeks and ≤1 year of age at the beginning of the RSV season and admitted with respiratory infection were included. RSV status was evaluated by RSV strip test in all infants. RSV-positive and -negative infants were compared in terms of demographic features, risk factors, requirement of hospitalisation and palivizumab administration. A total of 202 preterm infants under 1 year of age were enrolled. The RSV test was positive in 34 (16.8%) infants. Maternal age was significantly lower in RSV-positive infants compared with RSV-negative infants (p = 0.03). RSV-positive infants were found to be significantly discharged during the RSV season (p = 0.03). RSV-positive infants required significantly higher rates of hospitalisation and need for mechanical ventilation. Of the RSV-positive infants, 28 (82%) had a gestational age ≥29 weeks. Seventeen (77%) RSV-positive infants that required hospitalisation were ≥29 weeks of gestation. All infants with a gestational age ≥29 weeks and without palivizumab prophylaxis developed RSV infection. Palivizumab prophylaxis should be implemented into guidelines to cover preterm infants with a gestational age >29 weeks. Palivizumab prophylaxis should also be considered in high-risk infants ≤6 months of age during the RSV season. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Clinical Microbiology Infectious Diseases Springer Journals

Efficacy of palivizumab prophylaxis on the frequency of RSV-associated lower respiratory tract infections in preterm infants: determination of the ideal target population for prophylaxis

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0934-9723
eISSN
1435-4373
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10096-017-2976-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis in high-risk infants is an effective intervention for the prevention of severe disease. The aim of this study was to determine the ideal target preterm population that might benefit from palivizumab prophylaxis by establishing the main risk factors for acute RSV-related infections. Former premature infants born with a gestational age ≤37 weeks and ≤1 year of age at the beginning of the RSV season and admitted with respiratory infection were included. RSV status was evaluated by RSV strip test in all infants. RSV-positive and -negative infants were compared in terms of demographic features, risk factors, requirement of hospitalisation and palivizumab administration. A total of 202 preterm infants under 1 year of age were enrolled. The RSV test was positive in 34 (16.8%) infants. Maternal age was significantly lower in RSV-positive infants compared with RSV-negative infants (p = 0.03). RSV-positive infants were found to be significantly discharged during the RSV season (p = 0.03). RSV-positive infants required significantly higher rates of hospitalisation and need for mechanical ventilation. Of the RSV-positive infants, 28 (82%) had a gestational age ≥29 weeks. Seventeen (77%) RSV-positive infants that required hospitalisation were ≥29 weeks of gestation. All infants with a gestational age ≥29 weeks and without palivizumab prophylaxis developed RSV infection. Palivizumab prophylaxis should be implemented into guidelines to cover preterm infants with a gestational age >29 weeks. Palivizumab prophylaxis should also be considered in high-risk infants ≤6 months of age during the RSV season.

Journal

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology Infectious DiseasesSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 8, 2017

References

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