Effects of waste glass on alkali-activated tungsten mining waste: composition and mechanical properties

Effects of waste glass on alkali-activated tungsten mining waste: composition and mechanical... Increasingly more research is being directed towards the valorisation of waste materials as precursors for synthesising alkali-activated binders (AABs). For this study, varying blends of tungsten mining waste (TMW) and waste glass (WG) are activated using a combined sodium hydroxide (SH) and sodium silicate (SS) alkali solution. The activating solution itself is also varied with respect to the quantities of SS and SH to determine their effect on reactant formation and mechanical strength of TMW-based AABs. The results show that an increased WG content can effectively provide an additional source of reactive silica, contribute to the formation of (C, N)–A–S–H gel products and thus significantly improve the mechanical strength. High strength TMW–WG AABs were attributed to a faster TMW dissolution rate and dense microstructure. Such structures were characteristic of formulations with low alkali modulus (SiO2/Na2O < 2) combined with a SS/SH weight ratio of 2.8. For the latter, not only was a characteristic slower strength development with increasing alkali content observed, but there was also a limit of alkali metal concentration (Na2O ~ 3.1%) beyond which the strength deteriorated. Furthermore, SEM micrographs disclose that unreacted particles of WG reinforced the matrix by acting as a filler. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Materials and Structures Springer Journals

Effects of waste glass on alkali-activated tungsten mining waste: composition and mechanical properties

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Engineering; Structural Mechanics; Materials Science, general; Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Operating Procedures, Materials Treatment; Civil Engineering; Building Materials
ISSN
1359-5997
eISSN
1871-6873
D.O.I.
10.1617/s11527-017-1062-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Increasingly more research is being directed towards the valorisation of waste materials as precursors for synthesising alkali-activated binders (AABs). For this study, varying blends of tungsten mining waste (TMW) and waste glass (WG) are activated using a combined sodium hydroxide (SH) and sodium silicate (SS) alkali solution. The activating solution itself is also varied with respect to the quantities of SS and SH to determine their effect on reactant formation and mechanical strength of TMW-based AABs. The results show that an increased WG content can effectively provide an additional source of reactive silica, contribute to the formation of (C, N)–A–S–H gel products and thus significantly improve the mechanical strength. High strength TMW–WG AABs were attributed to a faster TMW dissolution rate and dense microstructure. Such structures were characteristic of formulations with low alkali modulus (SiO2/Na2O < 2) combined with a SS/SH weight ratio of 2.8. For the latter, not only was a characteristic slower strength development with increasing alkali content observed, but there was also a limit of alkali metal concentration (Na2O ~ 3.1%) beyond which the strength deteriorated. Furthermore, SEM micrographs disclose that unreacted particles of WG reinforced the matrix by acting as a filler.

Journal

Materials and StructuresSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 22, 2017

References

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